Skunk Control

Skunks are found in most of the United States and Canada. Skunks can be found in all areas in Ohio including urban, suburban & rural areas. They are highly adaptable. Skunks will den beneath buildings, decks, sheds and woodpiles. They are capable of digging a den a foot or so underground. They like warm, dark & dry spots; a crawl space & house basements can qualify.
Skunks are known for their ability to spray a musk when they feel threatened. They can spray up to 15 feet with great accuracy. Skunks have fur that is black with varying amounts of white on the head, back & tail. An adult skunk averages between 2 pounds and 2 feet in length. They will breed in late February through March with a gestation period of 63 days. They can have a litter from 1 to 10 offspring, born from late April to early June. At 6 weeks of age, baby skunks will be weaned and out and about. The family of skunks will stay together until the following spring when the young go off on their own.

Skunks will begin foraging at sunset. They are omnivorous with diets that include: insects, small mammals, fish, grasses, leaves, buds, crustaceans, nuts, grains, fruits, eggs bird seed & garbage.

Prevention of Skunk Nuisance

The availability of food & shelter can entice skunks to make homes on your property. Taking preventative measures can reduce the likelihood of an unwanted skunk residency.

  • Keep tight-fitting/locking lids on garbage cans
  • Bring in all uneaten pet food & water at night
  • Harvest gardens frequently and pick up any fallen fruit from trees
  • Restrict use of birdseed; skunks are attracted to seed & rodents attracted to the seed
  • Clear your yard of debris & brush piles & stacks of wood and rocks
  • Keep pet access doors locked at night
  • Do not discard edible garbage where skunks can get it
  • Seal up any potential entry holes in and under buildings and decks
  • Exclude decks as housing options by using ¼ inch welded wire fencing
Trapping and relocation of nuisance skunks is not recommended. Removal of these animals is usually only temporary and other skunks will likely soon move in. Skunks will use the same den areas year after year. It is crucial these areas are permanently closed off.

  • If you suspect a skunk may be living down in a hole, cover the hole with loose dirt. If the skunk is a resident, it will dig out during the night. If this occurs, please contact the animal warden for further advice.
  • If skunks are already settled under a building, installing a 1-way door on an entrance can be effective. This will allow the skunk(s) to leave but not return. All other areas should be closed off.
  • To drive skunks away, you may consider putting down repellents such as moth balls, and ammonia-soaked rags.
If you have any more specific questions concerning skunks, please contact Animal Warden, Trevor Darville, at 440-337-1451.

More info at the ODNR website